Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence exhibited by machines. In computer science, an ideal “intelligent” machine is a flexible rational agent that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of success at an arbitrary goal. Colloquially, the term “artificial intelligence” is likely to be applied when a machine uses cutting-edge techniques to competently perform or mimic “cognitive” functions that we intuitively associate with human minds, such as “learning” and “problem solving”. The colloquial connotation, especially among the public, associates AI with machines that are “cutting-edge” (or even “mysterious”). This subjective borderline around what constitutes “AI” tends to shrink over time; for example, optical character recognition is no longer perceived as an exemplar of “AI” as it is nowadays a mundane routine technology. Modern examples of artificial intelligence include computers that can beat professional players at Chess and Go, and self-driving cars that navigate crowded city streets. Source: Wikipedia

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